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March 5, 2007

Number and pay of New York government employees above national average, analysis finds

New York's state and local governments pay public employees 21 percent more than the national average, and the number of government workers compared to population is among the highest in the country, according to a Public Policy Institute analysis of new U.S. Census Bureau numbers.

The analysis found that the average annual salary of New York government workers was $54,503 in 2006, the fourth highest in the nation and 21 percent above the national average of $45,173.

New York had 62 full-time equivalent state and local government workers for every 1,000 residents in 2006, 14 percent above the national average and the eleventh highest ratio in the nation.

Public-employment levels in New York are significantly higher than those in states such as Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania.

In 2006, New York had 941,079 local government workers, or 49 per 1,000 residents. That number was 23 percent above the national average of 40. Local government employees include those who work for school districts, as well as municipalities and other local government entities.

A 2004 Institute report, How High is the Upstate Tax Burden and Why?, showed that Upstate New York taxpayers paid as much as $6 billion more in state and local taxes than they would in an average state, partly because of the state's far-above-average local government payrolls.

The Census Bureau data are available at www.census.gov/govs/www/apesloc06dl.html.

State and Local Government Employment, 2006

Rank, average salary
State
Average annual salary
Full-time equivalent employees (FTE)
FTE/1,000 residents
Rank, FTE/1,000 residents
1
California
$59,267
1,818,732
50
42
2
New Jersey
$55,721
511,755
59
15
3
Connecticut
$54,523
188,222
54
30
4
NEW YORK
$54,503
1,190,287
62
11
5
Rhode Island
$53,102
51,232
48
46
6
Maryland
$50,982
291,140
52
39
7
Nevada
$50,621
103,304
41
50
8
Washington
$50,608
333,196
52
37
9
Massachusetts
$50,406
332,072
52
40
10
Alaska
$50,037
52,631
79
2
11
Minnesota
$47,242
272,394
53
36
12
Illinois
$46,846
634,990
49
43
13
Michigan
$46,564
486,697
48
45
14
Delaware
$46,423
49,488
58
16
15
Hawaii
$46,322
69,594
54
27
16
Colorado
$46,217
255,002
54
31
17
Pennsylvania
$45,829
568,350
46
49
18
Wisconsin
$45,689
288,073
52
38
19
Oregon
$45,099
181,711
49
44
20
Arizona
$44,132
285,084
46
48
21
Ohio
$42,818
616,739
54
29
22
Virginia
$42,221
430,621
56
23
23
Florida
$41,822
867,259
48
47
24
Vermont
$40,852
40,142
64
8
25
Iowa
$40,552
185,921
62
10
26
New Hampshire
$40,302
69,777
53
34
27
Nebraska
$39,598
117,496
66
4
28
Indiana
$39,422
332,849
53
35
29
Utah
$38,901
128,785
51
41
30
North Dakota
$38,845
41,173
65
7
31
North Carolina
$38,715
511,263
58
19
32
Georgia
$38,553
505,644
54
28
33
Wyoming
$38,273
45,802
89
1
34
Texas
$38,259
1,315,006
56
24
35
Maine
$37,809
77,605
59
14
36
Tennessee
$37,110
323,673
54
32
37
Alabama
$36,945
272,535
59
13
38
Kansas
$36,794
184,943
67
3
39
South Carolina
$36,778
248,966
58
20
40
Montana
$36,466
54,188
57
22
41
New Mexico
$36,249
127,929
65
5
42
Missouri
$36,054
320,083
55
25
43
South Dakota
$35,770
45,186
58
18
44
Idaho
$35,638
79,413
54
26
45
Kentucky
$35,634
243,798
58
17
46
Louisiana
$35,340
275,776
64
9
47
West Virginia
$34,624
97,391
54
33
48
Oklahoma
$34,027
214,343
60
12
49
Mississippi
$33,972
188,905
65
6
50
Arkansas
$33,729
161,923
58
21
U.S. Average
$45,173
16,135,699
54
N.Y.S. % above avg.
21%
14%