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February 8, 2007

Analysis: New York's state spending 43 percent above national average

New York State government's per-capita spending in 2005 was the fourth highest in the nation and 43 percent above the national average, a Public Policy Institute analysis of new Census Bureau data shows.

The new data detailed the revenue and spending of all 50 states (including certain public authorities, but not including local governments) in 2005. New York State's per-capita spending was $7,082 that year, well above the $4,961 national average. The only states that spent more were Vermont ($7,127), Wyoming ($7,861), and Alaska ($12,146).

New York's per-capita state tax burden in 2005 was the 11th highest in the nation at $2,598. That number, 19 percent above the national average, includes all state taxes collected, but does not include local property or other taxes.

The analysis also found:

• New York spent more on welfare, including some Medicaid spending, than any other state in the country. The $2,209 per-capita total was 78 percent above the national average of $1,244.

• New York's debt in 2005 was $5,280 – the fifth highest in the nation and 96 percent above the national average of $2,693.

• The state ranked sixth in per-capita spending on health care at $285. That number was 73 percent above the national average of $165.

• Per-capita hospital spending in New York was $211 in 2005, 46 percent above the national average.

•The state's per-capita education spending was 8 percent above the national average at $1,657– 18th in the nation.

The Census Bureau data are available at www.census.gov/govs/www/state05.html.

Per-capita state spending and taxes, 2005

Rank, per-capita spending
State
Per capita- spending
Total spending
Rank, per- capita taxes
Per-capita taxes
1
Alaska
$12,146 $8,055,975 7 $2,802
2
Wyoming
$7,861 $3,999,825 3 $3,419
3
Vermont
$7,127 $4,435,774 1 $3,604
4
NEW YORK
$7,082 $136,786,401 11 $2,598
5
Delaware
$7,014 $5,904,256 6 $3,077
6
Hawaii
$6,601 $8,405,444 2 $3,483
7
New Mexico
$6,542 $12,599,040 21 $2,322
8
Rhode Island
$6,291 $6,753,641 12 $2,449
9
Massachusetts
$5,911 $38,025,089 8 $2,800
10
Minnesota
$5,885 $30,169,448 5 $3,098
11
California
$5,802 $209,771,313 9 $2,723
12
Connecticut
$5,771 $20,203,170 4 $3,309
13
Maine
$5,678 $7,484,638 19 $2,330
14
New Jersey
$5,657 $49,230,773 10 $2,635
15
North Dakota
$5,501 $3,490,904 22 $2,211
16
West Virginia
$5,417 $9,826,128 15 $2,371
17
South Carolina
$5,347 $22,708,996 42 $1,723
18
Oregon
$5,333 $19,406,306 41 $1,792
19
Ohio
$5,295 $60,742,802 28 $2,093
20
Washington
$5,254 $33,059,244 17 $2,359
21
Wisconsin
$5,215 $28,828,334 14 $2,379
22
Montana
$5,135 $4,800,120 33 $2,006
23
Michigan
$5,090 $51,408,421 20 $2,329
24
Pennsylvania
$5,065 $62,833,258 23 $2,198
25
Mississippi
$5,056 $14,704,763 39 $1,868
26
Arkansas
$4,912 $13,634,214 16 $2,361
27
Kentucky
$4,815 $20,091,176 24 $2,179
28
Maryland
$4,795 $26,803,282 13 $2,415
29
Iowa
$4,769 $14,142,676 34 $1,939
30
Louisiana
$4,748 $21,402,115 36 $1,917
31
Alabama
$4,627 $21,046,841 44 $1,715
32
North Carolina
$4,553 $39,482,250 26 $2,149
33
Utah
$4,477 $11,148,591 38 $1,882
34
Oklahoma
$4,434 $15,710,022 35 $1,936
35
New Hampshire
$4,426 $5,783,853 48 $1,547
36
Illinois
$4,361 $55,666,989 29 $2,069
37
Virginia
$4,335 $32,790,458 27 $2,104
38
Idaho
$4,294 $6,137,489 30 $2,053
39
Kansas
$4,281 $11,765,208 32 $2,037
40
Indiana
$4,221 $26,451,543 31 $2,051
41
South Dakota
$4,209 $3,261,813 49 $1,433
42
Nebraska
$4,137 $7,273,406 25 $2,159
43
Tennessee
$4,028 $23,989,642 45 $1,680
44
Colorado
$4,025 $18,769,570 47 $1,640
45
Arizona
$4,024 $23,957,058 40 $1,849
46
Missouri
$3,993 $23,147,448 46 $1,646
47
Florida
$3,963 $70,417,744 37 $1,908
48
Nevada
$3,796 $9,158,273 18 $2,351
49
Georgia
$3,702 $33,806,582 43 $1,716
50
Texas
$3,549 $81,368,646 50 $1,430
United States $4,961 $1,470,840,952   $2,186
New York State % +/- US average   43%   19%