December 18, 2003
New Census Bureau numbers show New York near last in population growth
New York ranked behind 45 of the other 49 states in population growth from 2002 to 2003, the U.S. Census Bureau reported today.
The Empire State's growth rate, just below 0.3 percent, was less than one-third that of the nation.
New York's population grew by 55,822, to a total 19,190,115 as of July 2003, according to the Census Bureau. The U.S. population is now at 290,809,777, the bureau estimated. New York remained the third-largest state in the nation, behind California and Texas.
Nevada led the nation in population growth for the 17th consecutive year with a growth rate of 3.4 percent. The next fastest-growing states were Arizona, Florida, Texas, Idaho and Georgia.
While most of the fastest-growing states were in the Rocky Mountain region and the South, most other Northeastern states outpaced New York's population growth. New Jersey and Connecticut both added population at rates that were more than double New York's rate of increase.
From 2000 to 2003, New York's population grew by 1.1 percent, according to the Census Bureau. That ranked the state behind 42 other states for the three-year period.
In the 1990s New York grew at less than half the national rate, but its growth rate then, 5.5 percent, was more than double its growth rate in the 1980s. The state's growth in the 1990s ranked 42nd among the 50 states.
Earlier this year, a study by an Ohio University economist concluded that Americans who move from one state to another tend to move out of states with high taxes and to states with lower taxes.
The study showed that each one percent proportional increase in state and local taxes results in a loss of more than 150,000 people in the next nine years. It also showed that:
- States with low taxes gained 729,000 people through internal migration from 2000-2002 while states with high taxes lost 371,000.
- Each one percent increase in state and local taxes reduces internal migration into a state by 18,000.
- States with high taxes lost almost one million people between 1990 and 1999 to states with lower taxes.