ISSUE IN BRIEF: Replacement Power
The Business Council strongly supports the statutory extension of replacement power from the Niagara hydropower facility, as proposed in S.1136(Maziarz) / A.2715(Tokasz).
Replacement Power is vital to the economy of Western New York. If this power is not maintained for the businesses located in the region and they are forced to cut back on their New York operations or at worst, relocate out of state, the impact on the local economy would be devastating.
Manufacturing companies that receive low-cost hydropower directly provide approximately 40,000 jobs in the Buffalo Niagara region. According to The Business Council report The Key to the Upstate Economy? Manufacturing - Still (September 2002), upstate manufacturing jobs were one of every six private-sector jobs as of June 2002. The Governor's Office of Economic Affairs estimates that each manufacturing job creates 2.67 other jobs in supplier firms, in companies that sell goods or services to workers and their families, and in government.
The cost of energy downstate may be less important to companies located there because of New York City's one-of-a-kind role in financial services, business services, corporate headquarters and other factors. Additionally, manufacturing is generally more energy-intensive than many of these other businesses. Hence, the greater need for this low-cost power in the upstate region.
The Niagara Redevelopment Act (1957) encompasses the Congressional authorization and direction to FERC to issue a license to NYPA to construct and operate hydro facilities that were subsequently developed at Niagara. The Act specifically set aside 445 MW of power for industries or their successors previously served by the Schoellkopf Plant (the Niagara Mohawk plant that was washed into the Niagara Gorge in a rockslide in 1956). This federal direction was "for a period ending not later than the final maturity date of the bonds initially issued to finance the project" so as to restore low power costs to such industries and for the same general purposes for which power from the Schoellkopf Plant was utilized. The Act was approved in 1957 and the plant began operation in 1961.
There is no further federal direction regarding the use of this "replacement power" following final amortization of the original construction bonds on January 1, 2006. Once these bonds are paid off, the replacement power allocation would be subject to state statutory provisions which, unamended, would appear to make continued service to industrial customers a secondary purpose, with priority given to domestic and rural customers. In the 1930's when the Public Authorities law was enacted, hydropower was envisioned as a means to encourage residential and farm use of electricity. Obviously, much has changed since then.