Town Real Property Transfer Taxes
May 21, 2004
The Business Council opposes this legislation which would provide statewide authorization for towns to impose a real property transfer tax of up to 2%, with the proceeds to be used by towns for open space preservation purposes. The bill requires any such tax to be approved by local referendum.
The Business Council opposes this legislation for several reasons.
- The high cost of housing is already having an adverse impact
on economic development efforts in New York, especially downstate.
According to Office of Real Property Services data, in 2002, median
housing prices were $450,000 in Westchester, $340,000 in Rockland
and Nassau, and $270,000 in Suffolk counties. These costs, in addition
to high property tax bills, are making it increasingly difficult
(and expensive) for employers to recruit additional skilled employees
to these areas. On Long Island, our members tell us that the cost
of housing is one of their major problems in staff recruitment. By
definition, this bill authorizes taxes that would increase the already
sky-high cost of fifty percent of all houses in these areas!
transfer taxes would increase the price of commercial and industrial
property as well, adding to the already high cost of doing business
in New York, and making that more difficult to create and attract
new employers to New York State. Business are already paying nearly
half of the existing $400 million state real property transfer
tax burden. More than 30 counties, plus the cities of New York and
Yonkers, impose additional, local real property transfer taxes, as
- New York State has made, and continues to make, significant
investments in open space protection. The state's Environmental
Protection Fund, financed through the existing state-imposed real property
transfer tax, has an Open Space Account that receives about $67
million annually. Under the Executive Budget proposal, $30 million would go
directly for state land acquisitions, while the remaining $37 million
will be used for regional land conservation programs, including acquisition
and open space protection. In addition to these annual EPF land acquisition
funds, the 1996 Clean Water/Clean Air Bond Act provided another $150
million in state funds for land acquisition and farmland protection.
According to the “Trust for Public Land,” no state owns
a higher percentage of land than does New York.
- The Department of Agriculture and Markets implements two additional programs that make state funds available to local governments for farmland protection programs. The Department awards county farmland protection planning grants, and grants for the purchase of development rights. In 2001, the most recent date reported by Ag & Markets, $16 million in grants were made for municipal purchases of farmland development rights, with $12 million, or nearly 70 percent, of these funds going directly to towns for local protection purchases.
In summary, The Business Council recognizes the important role of open space protection in maintaining a high quality of life in New York. However, we believe New York's ongoing financial commitment to open space protection is sufficient, especially considering the financial condition of state and local governments. We also believe it is contrary to the economic health of the state to increase the cost of residential and business property purchases. For these reasons, The Business Council respectfully recommends against approval of S.6949-A.